The network of all People, Companies, Assets, Processes, and Technologies used in the production and marketing of a product is known as the Supply Chain. A supply chain includes every step of the process, from the supplier delivering  raw materials to the manufacturer delivering the finished product to the customer. The distribution channel is the part of the supply chain that handles moving the finished product from the producer to the customer.


The process of managing the movement of products, data and funds from a supplier to a manufacturer, distributor, retailer, and ultimately to the customer is known as Supply Chain Management, or SCM. To guarantee that goods are delivered to the correct location, at the right time, and in the appropriate quantity, it entails the coordination and integration of numerous tasks including production, inventory management, distribution, and customer support. In order to increase customers satisfaction, cut costs, improve quality and achieve efficiency, Supply Chain Management (SCM) seeks to optimize value generation for all stake holders, it entails the strategic planning, execution, and monitoring of every activity engaged in the supply chain.


The following are the basic steps that make up a supply chain:

Obtaining raw supplies.

Reducing those materials to their most basic components.

Merging those fundamental components to produce a product.

Sales and order fulfillment.

Delivery of the product.

Service for returns and customer assistance.


The supply chain is essential for organizations because it guarantees the smooth transfer of goods and services from suppliers to customers, improves competitiveness, quicker delivery time, increased customer happiness, lower costs, and better risk management can all result from a well-managed supply chain. Additionally, it allows companies to adapt to change in demand, market conditions, and  shift in demand more skillfully.

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